It is widely recognised that Roma are among the most socially excluded and deprived peoples in Europe. They face multiple challenges and need support in the form of a comprehensive human development response. To succeed, the response must involve both Roma communities and the rest of the population.
Expanding people’s choices and opportunities to live a life they value is at the heart of the UN’s approach to Roma inclusion.
The UN has committed to working together for greater and more targeted efforts towards Roma inclusion. The focus is on areas such as employment, children and education, health, housing and documentation and civil registration.
In the area of employment – The UN and its partners are implementing community employment programmes that target the Roma. These efforts are specifically aiming at building entrepreneurship capacities, while also supporting private sector development for the Roma.
In the area of education – The UN is working with the national education system and communities to increase the quality and relevance of basic education for Roma. We are helping to increase access to early learning opportunities and non-formal Early Childhood Development activities. We are also supporting schools and communities to introduce inclusive education practices.
In the area of health – The UN is helping to strengthen the primary health care system to ensure access to quality health services for Roma. We are supporting the Ministry of Health to design a training programme for Roma health community mediators. We are also supporting the implementation of national immunization activities. Meanwhile, another area of our work focuses on the provision of counseling and Sexual and Reproductive Health services for vulnerable groups and raising the awareness of Sexual and Reproductive Health. For refugees, we are ensuring the provision of primary, secondary and tertiary health care.
In the area of documentation and civil registration – The UN is supporting long-term habitual residents, stateless or at risk of statelessness people to gain official documentation by covering administrative fees. At the same time, the UN is supporting administrative or legislative changes with the aim of reducing documentation problems and statelessness.
In the area of housing – The UN is supporting the provision of long-term and durable housing for refugees.